Difference between revisions of "VAR-SOM-MX6 GPIO"

From Variscite Wiki
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The Bluetooth is a good example to see how to set the default value during boot.
The Bluetooth is a good example to see how to set the default value during boot.
[https://github.com/varigit/meta-variscite-mx6/blob/imx_3.14.38_6qp-var01/recipes-core/initscripts/var-som-mx6/variscite-bluetooth variscite-bluetooth]
[https://github.com/varigit/meta-variscite-mx6/blob/imx_3.14.38_6qp-var01/recipes-core/initscripts/var-som-mx6/variscite-bluetooth variscite-bluetooth]
For example how to reset the Bluetooth:
<br>For example how to reset the Bluetooth:
echo 178 >/sys/class/gpio/export
echo 178 >/sys/class/gpio/export

Revision as of 09:51, 21 February 2016


1 GPIO state

The current state of the systems' GPIOs can be obtained in user-mode, as shown in the following example:

$ cat /sys/kernel/debug/gpio

The above command on Variscite's VAR-DVK-MX6 will show the following:

root@var-som-mx6:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/gpio 
GPIOs 0-31, platform/209c000.gpio, 209c000.gpio:
 gpio-25  (phy-reset           ) out lo    

GPIOs 32-63, platform/20a0000.gpio, 20a0000.gpio:

GPIOs 64-95, platform/20a4000.gpio, 20a4000.gpio:
 gpio-77  (ov5640_mipi_pwdn    ) out lo    
 gpio-86  (usb_otg_vbus        ) out lo    

GPIOs 96-127, platform/20a8000.gpio, 20a8000.gpio:
 gpio-101 (tlv320aic3x reset   ) out lo    
 gpio-106 (ov5640_mipi_reset   ) out lo    
 gpio-110 (2194000.usdhc cd    ) in  hi    
 gpio-111 (2194000.usdhc ro    ) in  hi    
 gpio-120 (spi_imx             ) out lo    
 gpio-121 (ads7846_pendown     ) in  hi    

GPIOs 128-159, platform/20ac000.gpio, 20ac000.gpio:
 gpio-141 (PCIe reset          ) out lo    

GPIOs 160-191, platform/20b0000.gpio, 20b0000.gpio:
 gpio-178 (sysfs               ) out lo    

GPIOs 192-223, platform/20b4000.gpio, 20b4000.gpio:
 gpio-200 (wlan-en-regulator   ) out lo  

Each GPIO is defined as in or out and the state is shown as lo or hi.
For example pin 110 is the SD-Card card-detect. When SD-Card is removed the state will be:

gpio-110 (2194000.usdhc cd    ) in  hi 

When the SD-Card is plugged the state will be:

gpio-110 (2194000.usdhc cd    ) in  lo

2 Manipulating a single GPIO via /sys/class/gpio

GPIOs in i.MX6 are grouped in groups of 32 pins.
For example GPIO1_3 belong to the first group pin 3. Its absolute number will be 3.
GPIO7_4 will be (7-1)*32+4=196.
Lets assume that you defined this GPIO in the device tree. We will show in the following sections how to define it.
To configure as output:

$ echo 196 > /sys/class/gpio/export
$ echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio196/direction

Set GPIO high:

$ echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio196/value

Set GPIO low:

$ echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio196/value

To configure as input:

$ echo 196 > /sys/class/gpio/export
$ echo in > /sys/class/gpio/gpio196/direction
$ cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio196/value

Will read the current value.

3 Kernel Device Tree GPIO configuration

3.1 Device Tree GPIO files

3.1.1 Pin Func files

In the Linux kernel in directory arch/arm/boot/dts/ you will find the pin functions files.
The relevant files are: imx6dl-pinfunc.h, imx6ul-pinfunc.h, imx6q-pinfunc.h depend on the platform we are running. If you edit imx6q-pinfunc.h and search for GPIO7_IO04 for example you will see a group of pins with same prefix "MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0".

#define MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0__SD3_DATA0              0x2c0 0x6a8 0x000 0x0 0x0
#define MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0__UART1_CTS_B            0x2c0 0x6a8 0x000 0x1 0x0
#define MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0__UART1_RTS_B            0x2c0 0x6a8 0x91c 0x1 0x2
#define MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0__FLEXCAN2_TX            0x2c0 0x6a8 0x000 0x2 0x0
#define MX6QDL_PAD_SD3_DAT0__GPIO7_IO04             0x2c0 0x6a8 0x000 0x5 0x0

Selecting one of them and writing it in the dts file will set the functionality required for this pin.

3.1.2 Variscite dts files

Variscite defines dts file for each platform.

Device Tree Name
Include dtsi file
SOM type
Carrier Board type
LCD Type
Evaluation Kit name
imx6q-var-som.dts imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi VAR-SOM-MX6_V2 (Quad / Dual) VAR-MX6CustomBoard Capacitive/Resistive touch VAR-DVK-MX6_V2-PRO
imx6q-var-som-vsc.dts imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi VAR-SOM-MX6_V2 (Quad / Dual) VAR-SOLOCustomBoard Capacitive LVDS touch N/A
imx6dl-var-som.dts imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi VAR-SOM-MX6_V2 (DualLite/ Solo) VAR-MX6CustomBoard Capacitive/Resistive touch N/A
imx6dl-var-som-solo-vsc.dts imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi VAR-SOM-SOLO / VAR-SOM-DUAL VAR-SOLOCustomBoard Capacitive LVDS touch VAR-DVK-SOLO/DUAL VAR-STK-SOLO/DUAL
imx6dl-var-som-solo.dts imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi VAR-SOM-SOLO / VAR-SOM-DUAL VAR-MX6CustomBoard Capacitive/Resistive touch N/A
imx6q-var-dart.dts imx6qdl-var-dart.dtsi VAR-SOM-SOLO / VAR-SOM-DUAL VAR-DT6CustomBoard Capacitive LVDS touch VAR-STK-DT6.VAR-DVK-DT6

imx6q-var-som.dts starts with definitions and includindg dtsi files.

#define VAR_SOM_MX6

#include "imx6q.dtsi"
#include "imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi"

The imx6q.dtsi define the CPU platform and which pinfunc file will be included. This feature allow the pin name to be agnostic to the CPU type (i.MX6Q vs i.MX6DL)
imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi has the major VAR-SOM-MX6 definitions.

3.2 Define a pin as GPIO in the kernel Device Tree

First you need to modify the relevant device tree and make sure your gpio is defined.
For Example:
Edit arch/arm/boot/dts/imx6qdl-var-som.dtsi and in the section below:

	pinctrl-names = "default";
	pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_hog>;

	imx6qdl-var-som-mx6 {

		pinctrl_hog: hoggrp {
			fsl,pins = <
				/* PMIC INT */
				MX6QDL_PAD_GPIO_17__GPIO7_IO12			0x80000000
				/* Wifi Slow Clock */
				MX6QDL_PAD_ENET_RXD0__OSC32K_32K_OUT		0x000b0			/* WIFI Slow clock */
				/* Audio Clock */
				MX6QDL_PAD_GPIO_0__CCM_CLKO1 			0x130b0			/* Audio Codec Clock */
				/* Camera Clock */
				MX6QDL_PAD_GPIO_3__CCM_CLKO2			0x130b0			/* Camera MCLK */
                                MX6QDL_PAD_KEY_ROW0__GPIO4_IO07                 0xb0b1
                                MX6QDL_PAD_KEY_COL1__GPIO4_IO08                 0xb0b1


Add the relevant GPIO to the above section in the device tree.

3.2.1 Device Tree GPIO attribute

If you look at Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pinctrl/fsl,imx6q-pinctrl.txt the number to the right of the pin control spec can be used for additional attributes like pull-ups, pull-downs, keepers, drive strength, etc.
The value 0x80000000 is don't know value please use the default". Else use the table below to set it to the required value.

CONFIG bits definition
PAD_CTL_HYS (1 << 16)
PAD_CTL_PUS_100K_DOWN (0 << 14)
PAD_CTL_PUS_47K_UP (1 << 14)
PAD_CTL_PUS_100K_UP (2 << 14)
PAD_CTL_PUS_22K_UP (3 << 14)
PAD_CTL_PUE (1 << 13)
PAD_CTL_PKE (1 << 12)
PAD_CTL_ODE (1 << 11)
PAD_CTL_DSE_240ohm (1 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_120ohm (2 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_80ohm (3 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_60ohm (4 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_48ohm (5 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_40ohm (6 << 3)
PAD_CTL_DSE_34ohm (7 << 3)

3.3 Device Tree GPIO default Value

The Bluetooth is a good example to see how to set the default value during boot. variscite-bluetooth
For example how to reset the Bluetooth:

echo 178 >/sys/class/gpio/export
echo "out" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio178/direction
echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio178/value
sleep 1
echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio178/value
sleep 1

You can also add it to your default build file system: initscripts